Political Ideologies and Political Parties in America by Hans Noel

By Hans Noel

Political Ideologies and Political events in the USA places ideology entrance and heart within the dialogue of occasion coalition switch. Treating ideology as neither a nuisance nor a given, the research describes the advance of the fashionable liberal and conservative ideologies that shape the root of our sleek political events. Hans Noel indicates that liberalism and conservatism emerged as vital forces self reliant of present political events. those ideologies then reshaped events of their personal snapshot. smooth polarization can therefore be defined because the average end result of dwelling in a interval, maybe the 1st in our heritage, within which dominant ideologies have captured the 2 dominant political events.

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Althusser and Balibar 1970, p. 137; cf. Q 11, § 14; SPN, p. 436. Althusser and Balibar 1970, p. 134. Althusser and Balibar 1970, p. 135. Ibid. 6 • Chapter One A necessary consequence of this concept of praxis was Gramsci’s equation, ‘in the last instance’,32 of the philosopher and the politician. This tended in its turn to downgrade the role of philosophers—in particular, the distinct contribution that Marxist philosophers could make to the elaboration and refinement of Marxist theory after Marx, and its correct deployment in the concrete conjuncture.

Mouffe’s collaboration with Laclau that produced Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a Radical Democratic Politics (1985) combined elements from both Althusserian and Gramscian paradigms, with the accent falling upon a particular interpretation of the latter. For a penetrating yet balanced critique of this contested work, cf. Badaloni 1988. Laclau’s and Mouffe’s intervention was decisive for establishing a ‘post-Marxist’ image of Gramsci, centred on a ‘discursive’ concept of hegemony, which remains influential to this day—despite the fact that Hegemony and Socialist Strategy contains only three, decontextualised references to the critical edition of the Prison Notebooks (Laclau and Mouffe 1985, p.

Ibid. Ibid. 28 The foundation of this confusion, according to Althusser, was an ideological concept of praxis whose generality permitted it to subsume all social practices, as a genus to their species. 30 The former took precedence over the latter and in fact constituted its ‘secret’ (in a Feuerbachian sense), the ground from which it emerged and its everpresent truth. In a latter-day reversal of the Platonic condemnation of the poets, the overly general Gramscian concept of praxis thus implicitly reduced philosophy to a mere imitation of such ‘essential [historical] structures’31— in fact, one essential structure that manifested itself in multiple phenomenal forms—which preceded and determined it.

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