LANGUAGE AND SOCIAL CONTEXTS (Routledge a Level English by Amanda Coultas

By Amanda Coultas

Routledge a degree English courses equip AS and A2 point scholars with the abilities they should discover, overview and revel in English.Books within the sequence are outfitted round the numerous abilities laid out in the evaluate targets (AOs) for all AS and A2 point English classes. concentrating on the AOs so much proper to their subject, the books aid scholars to strengthen their wisdom and skills via research of energetic texts and modern info. each one ebook within the sequence covers a distinct zone of language and literary research, and provides obtainable factors, examples, workouts, a thesaurus of keywords, and recommended answers.Language and Social Contexts: considers language in the social contexts during which it really is used and understood covers the major abilities and themes, together with social contexts, transcripts and the contexts of speech, language and age, language and gender, and local speak analyzes a large choice of spoken and written texts, from conversations and textual content messages to marriage ceremony invites, highway indicators, police warnings and ads deals a step by step consultant to imminent texts and information and recommendations for structuring a reaction can be utilized as either a path textual content and a revision software. Written by way of an skilled instructor, writer and AS and A2 examiner, Language and Social Contexts is a necessary source for all scholars of AS and A2 point English Language, and English Language and Literature.

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Extra info for LANGUAGE AND SOCIAL CONTEXTS (Routledge a Level English Guides)

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Basically, he argued that those involved in a conversation want it to work and want to cooperate together so that they reach their common goal. He called this the cooperative principle. Grice then went on to identify four main rules (or maxims) which people tend to follow when conversing with others. These are: 46 SOCIAL TOPICS 1. Quantity – when we speak within a conversation we should say neither too much nor too little but an appropriate amount to be helpful and cooperative. 2. Relevance – what we say should be relevant to the topic(s) being discussed.

A subtle engagement with the data you are working with requires you to be aware of the limits around judgements you can form and claims that you can make. SUMMARY This chapter has shown that: • We often make judgements on speakers’ use of language that assume they always use it in the same way but that assumption is incorrect. We are not constant and consistent language users and even within a single conversation we are likely to change the way we speak • It is not possible to make generalised claims based only on a few examples of language use • Transcripts are texts in themselves and how they are presented significantly affects the way readers approach them and the meanings that are taken from them • Not conveying prosodic and paralinguistic features to the reader, transcripts cannot show some of the key elements through which meaning is created in talk continued TRANSCRIPTS AND THE CONTEXTS OF SPEECH 29 • In studying language as an academic subject we are often guided to focus on one factor that may be responsible for the way language is being used (such as gender or age).

This suggests that all three groups can be categorised together which raises a whole range of questions, some of which might be: • If elderly people are being represented as different, weaker and less able, is the message the same about the blind and disabled? • What does ‘disabled’ mean? • Are blind and disabled people the same? • Within the groups ‘the blind’ and ‘the disabled’, are people likely to be the same? This sign works by grouping together a lot of people and then representing them in the same way.

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