Firearms and Violence: A Critical Review by National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social

By National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Committee on Law and Justice, Carol V. Petrie, John V. Pepper, Charles F. Wellford

For years proposals for gun keep watch over and the possession of firearms were one of the so much contentious concerns in American politics. For public gurus to make moderate judgements on those issues, they have to bear in mind evidence concerning the courting among weapons and violence in addition to conflicting constitutional claims and divided public opinion. In appearing those projects, legislators want sufficient information and learn to pass judgement on either the consequences of firearms on violence and the results of other violence keep watch over rules.

Readers of the study literature on firearms might occasionally locate themselves not able to tell apart scholarship from advocacy. Given the significance of this factor, there's a urgent desire for a transparent and impartial review of the present portfolio of knowledge and examine. Firearms and Violence makes use of traditional criteria of technology to ascertain 3 significant issues - firearms and violence, the standard of analysis, and the standard of information to be had. The booklet assesses the strengths and boundaries of present databases, interpreting present study stories on firearm use and the efforts to lessen unjustified firearm use and indicates ways that they are often better

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Chapter 7 considers the role of firearms in suicide. While some of the issues are similar to those encountered in the study of violence, the differences are such that separate attention is required, especially for issues of motivation, firearm acquisition, and lethality. In Chapter 8 we analyze the research on the prevention of firearm violence, reviewing research on the effectiveness of primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention programs. Special attention is given to efforts to prevent gun use by youth.

Indeed, studies of nonresponse in surveys of drug consumption provide limited empirical evidence to the contrary (see National Research Council, 2001). , 1997). Concerns about response errors in self-reported surveys of firearms possession and use require much more systematic research before surveys can be judged to provide accurate data to address critical issues in the study of firearms and violence. The many substantial resources that have been devoted to addressing the measurement issues in the collection of other sensitive data will almost certainly be useful, yet the issues surrounding firearms may be unique.

2002) of the relationship between the access to firearms and firearm violence are conducted with the state as the unit of analysis (a measure of the rate of firearm ownership is correlated with the rate of firearm violence). These results are used to advance the argument that an individual’s probability of access to firearms explains that individual’s probability of committing a violent crime with a weapon. While the problems associated with such cross-level interpretations are well known (the “ecological fallacy”; that is, inferences about individual behavior cannot be drawn from aggregate data about a group; Robinson, 1950), these authors and many who use their work to advance various firearms policies all too frequently draw inferences that cannot be supported by their analysis.

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