Falls in Older People: Risk Factors and Strategies for by Stephen R. Lord

By Stephen R. Lord

During the last 20 years there was loads of overseas, really expert study task enthusiastic about probability components and prevention techniques for falls in older humans. This e-book presents wellbeing and fitness care employees with an in depth research of the newest advancements within the region and is helping bridge the space among clinical magazine articles and normal texts. the quantity is developed in 3 components: danger components, prevention options, and destiny study instructions. It contains assurance of the epidemiology, severe appraisal of the jobs of workout, surroundings, sneakers, drugs, evidence-based danger review, and distinct and separately adapted falls-prevention recommendations. Falls in Older humans might be valuable to clinical practitioners, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, nurses, researchers, and all these operating in group, clinic and home elderly care settings.

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Extra info for Falls in Older People: Risk Factors and Strategies for Prevention

Sample text

Journal of Gerontology 1997;52A(2):M88–93. Gilchrist LA. Age-related changes in the ability to side-step during gait. Clinical Biomechanics 1998;13:91–7. Chen H-C, Schultz AB, Ashton-Miller JA, Giordani B, Alexander NB, Guire KE. Stepping over obstacles: dividing attention impairs performance of old more than young adults. Journal of Gerontology 1996;51A(3):M116–22. Shumway-Cook A, Woollacott M, Kerns KA, Baldwin M. The effects of two types of cognitive tasks on postural stability in older adults with and without a history of falls.

Both the maximal balance range and coordinated stability tests have been found to be reliable and sensitive to improvement following exercise intervention in older people [86]. 2. Responses to external perturbations Although evaluation of standing sway and reach has provided useful information regarding the interaction of musculoskeletal and sensory components of postural stability, it can only provide limited information regarding the ability to react to changing demands of a particular task. To assess this component of postural stability more closely, a number of investigations have been performed in which the subject is mechanically perturbed by applying a direct force to their body, or by tilting or translating the surface upon which they stand.

Age and Ageing 1996;25:292–9. 58 Lord SR, Clark RD. Simple physiological and clinical tests for the accurate prediction of falling in older people. Gerontology 1996;42:199–203. 59 Thapa PB, Gideon P, Brockman KG, Fought RL, Ray WA. Clinical and biomechanical measures of balance as fall predictors in ambulatory nursing home residents. Journal of Gerontology 1996;51A(5):M239–46. 60 Lord SR, Sambrook PN, Gilbert C, et al. Postural stability, falls and fractures in the elderly: results from the Dubbo osteoporosis epidemiology study.

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