Environmental Assessment of Lightweight Electric Vehicles by Patricia Egede

By Patricia Egede

This monograph adresses the problem of the environmental overview of leightweight electrical autos. It poses the query no matter if using light-weight fabrics in electrical cars can decrease the autos’ environmental effect and compares the environmental functionality of a light-weight electrical automobile (LEV) to different varieties of autos. The topical technique specializes in equipment from existence cycle evaluate (LCA), and the ebook concludes with a finished inspiration at the environmental evaluation of LEVs. the objective viewers essentially contains LCA practitioners from examine institutes and undefined, however it can also be worthy for graduate scholars focusing on the sphere of environmental evaluate.

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First, the life cycle of EVs is described. Then, sustainable development, the main driver for the assessment of environmental impacts, is discussed and the field of environmental system analysis tools is introduced. Finally, the basic principles of Life Cycle Assessment—a well-established method to quantify the environmental impacts of products over their entire life cycle—are described. 1 Life Cycle of Electric Vehicles Vehicles are long lasting products with a lifetime of around 10–15 years and a total driving distance of 100,000–250,000 km (Hawkins et al.

2011). The high power demands in combination with frequent use have a significant influence on the total energy consumption and can reduce the range of an EV by up to 46 % (Konz et al. 2011; Ayoubi et al. 2013). Heat pumps are promising alternatives to reduce the energy consumption for heating as their energy demand is lower in comparison to PTC heaters (Hameyer et al. 2013). They can reduce the power demand to around 3 kW (Del Duce et al. 2013). 4 Battery and Charging Losses Losses in the battery can occur in standstill and during the charging process.

VDI-Buch. Springer, Berlin Konz M, Lemke N, Försterling S, Eghtessad M (2011) Spezifische Anforderungen an das Heiz-Klimasystem elektromotorisch angetriebener Fahrzeuge. FAT-Schriftenreihe (233) Kopp G, Burkardt N, Majic N (2011) Leichtbaustrategien und Bauweisen. In: Henning F, Moeller E (eds) Handbuch Leichtbau: Methoden, Werkstoffe, Fertigung. Hanser, München, pp 57–76 Leidhold R (2015) Elektrische Maschinen. In: Tschöke H (ed) Die Elektrifizierung des Antriebsstrangs: Basiswissen. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, Wiesbaden, pp 25–35 Mayyas AT, Qattawi A, Mayyas AR, Omar MA (2012) Life cycle assessment-based selection for a sustainable lightweight body-in-white design.

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