Education in the development of Tanzania 1919-90 by Lene Buchert

By Lene Buchert

Schooling has had a truly precise function within the social and political heritage of Tanzania, with Nyerere selling the 'Eduction for Self-Reliance' programme which will train the mass of the inhabitants after independence. North the United States: Ohio U Press

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This underlying question can only be addressed by placing education in its specific context and relating its functions in society to both the socio-economic and the politico-ideological dimensions. A high degree of interaction in the use of different social science disciplines was, therefore, needed in this analysis in order to expand traditional historical approaches and the perspectives of much writing on education. This interdisciplinarity is reflected in the book in the incorporation of theoretical understandings of society to guide the selection of historical data, in the combination of traditional historical 'source criticism' with anthropologically-based oral interviews, and in the use of economics and politics as important frameworks within which to understand the relative success and failure of education to achieve wider societal goals.

The following analysis concerns the involvement of the British administration in the formal educational system, whereas the subsequent chapter analyses a specific educational scheme which was set up in one of the cash crop-producing areas in support of peasant production. The Role of Formal Education in Political and Socio-Economic Development Formal Western-type education was introduced into what became Tanganyika by missionary organisations of different denominations which had established themselves in the territory since the 1840s.

During 192632, it was concentrated on infrastructural development which partially replaced the pre-colonial caravan routes and porters and, from 1932, on an increase of agricultural output. Consistent with the adaptation philosophy and the interpretation of the principle of 'paramountcy' to indicate the paramountcy of the British administration over settler interests, the British administration supported African peasant production. The development of the African peasant sector increased the ties with the Western economies and caused outside attempts at changing the underlying principles, organisation and methods of local production patterns.

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