By Enrique Cabrera, Jorge García-Serra
During the earlier decade many nations on the planet have skilled droughts, with serious affects on water city offer platforms. simply because droughts are average phenomena, water utilities needs to layout and enforce drought administration plans. This subject used to be chosen for the foreign direction on Drought administration making plans in Water provide platforms, which happened in Valencia, Spain, on 9-12 December 1997, and was once hosted through the Universidad Internacional Menéndez y Pelayo (UIMP).
The contributions during this publication were rigorously chosen and offered in 4 sections:
- Water provide structures Modernization
- Drought administration in an city Context
- Practical circumstances (Israel, united states, Italy, Spain)
to accomplish a well-balanced process, authors have been invited from academia in addition to from consultancies and water utilities, and feature vast adventure within the topic. The publication is principally aimed toward water provide engineers, operating in utilities and consultancies.
Read Online or Download Drought Management Planning in Water Supply Systems: Proceedings from the UIMP International Course held in Valencia, December 1997 PDF
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Extra info for Drought Management Planning in Water Supply Systems: Proceedings from the UIMP International Course held in Valencia, December 1997
Availability of management and processing information tools to work with big amounts of information, which GIS integrates in its applications, is needed for the identification of performance indicators. For example, the number of incidences on the network, water service pressures and its daily variation, water quality parameters, leakage levels, are parameters stored on the GIS database or easily calculated with basic query operations to the database. GIS frequent operations made by means of PI are : • Infrastructure database queries • Register of historical data of incidences • Graphical linking of incidences and infrastructures • PI linking to customers, network elements, network zones, ...
L 'Aqua. drotechnica ltaliana. Gennaio-Febbraio 1997, pp 74-77. HIRNER, W. (1997). Technical, Operational and Economic Performance Indicators of Water Utilities. Part 2. Proceedings of the IWSA Workshop on Performance Indicators for Transmission and Distribution Systems. Lisbon, Portugal, May 5-7, 1997. Ed LNEC. INTERNATIONAL WATER SUPPLY ASSOCIATION (IWSA) (1993). 10 Theses for a Drinking Water Tariff Policy. Internal document. G. et al. (1994). Development of a framework for the assessment of operation and maintenance performance of urban water supply and sanitation.
In this sense, the fulfillment of the initial phases of GIS implementation, at least in those systems whose size justifies the investment (Cubillo, 1997), can be identified as a first short-term objective regarding the application of this technology. From this point on, more ambitious targets could be planned, even though a review to the trends of the different water supply companies may pinpoint some characteristics GIS should have in a near future. So, a constant feature in all the WSS trying to incorporate the use of GIS is the trend to unify technical data with other administrative data in a single Information System.