By Gillian Bristow
Since the early Nineties, governments and improvement organisations became more and more preoccupied with the pursuit of local competitiveness. in spite of the fact that, there's massive confusion round what precisely nearby competitiveness capacity, the way it may be completed, no matter if and the way it may be measured, and if it is a significant and acceptable aim for nearby economies. The relevant objective of this e-book is to supply a accomplished and demanding account of those debates just about idea, coverage and perform, and therefore to discover the which means and cost of the idea that of nearby competitiveness.
The publication is based into 3 elements. half one introduces the concept that of neighborhood competitiveness via tracing its origins and exploring its diverse meanings in neighborhood monetary improvement. this can seriously interact with political financial system methods to realizing the character and dominance of the competitiveness discourse. half interrogates the pursuit of neighborhood competitiveness in coverage and perform. This severely evaluates the measure to which the pursuit of competitiveness is encouraging convergence in coverage agendas in areas via an exam of key determinants of coverage sameness and distinction, particularly benchmarking and devolved governance. half 3 explores the restrictions to neighborhood competitiveness and explores even if and the way its predominance within the coverage discourse can be challenged by way of replacement agendas akin to sustainable improvement and health. This makes a speciality of the constructing qualitative personality of neighborhood development.
This quantity severely engages with the idea and coverage of neighborhood competitiveness, therefore delivering the 1st built-in critique of the idea that for undergraduate and postgraduate scholars, in addition to lecturers attracted to local improvement and coverage. it is going to unpack the concept that of neighborhood competitiveness and clarify its usefulness, obstacles and coverage charm, in addition to analyzing its sustainability within the mild of evolving governance buildings and the imperatives of broadening nearby improvement agendas.
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Extra info for Critical reflections on regional competitiveness : theory, policy and practice
What is clear is that it is very easy to confuse and conﬂate competition between regions for resources and assets with the competitiveness of those regions, and yet the two notions are subtly diﬀerent. Whilst regions may compete with one another in certain ways, this is not to say they are competitive in the same way as ﬁrms are, where rivalry is more closely associated with clearly deﬁned selection, incentive and thus performance outcomes. However, inasmuch as the competition between regions occurs for factors which help shape the development and sustenance of a business environment conducive to competitive ﬁrms, there are clear connections with the second, much broader conceptualization of regional competitiveness, which sees it as pertaining to regional economic prosperity.
A region may What is regional competitiveness? 19 have a stock of highly competitive ﬁrms in the microeconomic sense, but if they are engaged in activities that create low added value per worker, then the economy will not be competitive in the macroeconomic sense. Thus, a region is ‘competitive’ according to this view when it has the ability to raise its standard of living and sustain ‘winning’ outcomes. This means it has the conditions to enable it to generate high proﬁts and high wages. The diﬃculty lies in understanding precisely what these ‘conditions’ are.
Furthermore, all existing attempts to deﬁne and measure regional competitiveness internationally incorporate indicators relating to the quality of the business environment, business density and clustering and/or knowledge intensity and innovation, albeit in diﬀerent combinations. The nature of these indicators and their inevitable use in regional benchmarking also help to perpetuate the notion that regions are engaged in ﬁerce and direct competition with one another over these key resources and in respect of outcomes (see Chapter 4).