By Wieke Vink
This examine offers a elegant research of Surinames-Jewish identifications. the tale of the Surinamese Jews is one in all a colonial Jewish group that grew to become ever extra interwoven with the neighborhood surroundings of Suriname. Ever considering that their first payment, Jewish migrants from different backgrounds, each one with their very own narrative of migration and cost, have been confronted with demanding situations caused by means of this new setting; a colonial order and, in essence, a race-based slave society. a spot, additionally, that used to be consistently altering: economically, socially, demographically, politically and culturally. in contrast historical past, the Jewish group reworked from a migrant group right into a settlers neighborhood. either the Portuguese and excessive German Jews followed Paramaribo as their crucial position of place of dwelling from the overdue eighteenth century onwards. Radical monetary alterations so much particularly the decline of the Portuguese-Jewish planters type not just motivated the commercial wealth of the Surinamese Jews as a bunch, but additionally had massive influence on their social prestige in Suriname s society. the tale of the Surinamese Jews is a primary instance of the numerous ways that a colonial setting and diasporic connections placed their stamp on lifestyle and affected the demarcation of group limitations and workforce identifications. The Surinamese-Jewish neighborhood debated, contested and negotiated the pillars of a Surinamese-Jewish crew id not just between themselves but in addition with the colonial professionals. This ebook relies at the writer s dissertation."
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Extra resources for Creole Jews: Negotiating Community in Colonial Suriname
30 NSA Minutes 1816-1820, 26-11-1818. KITLV | Creole Jews (28) - Vink 34 Creole Jews were not admitted, while some of their own members were sent off to other communities (Loker 1980:183). Arguments raised by Surinamese Jewish community leaders against semi-forced migration to Suriname seem to have been driven primarily by their own precarious economic situation. In a petition, the leaders argued against the admission of poor Jewish migrants, noting the deterioration of the Surinamese plantation economy, and the constant threat of Maroon attacks that had caused various community members to leave the colony (Robert Cohen 1991:21-2).
Some notes on terminology Writing about identity issues in historical studies involves some anachronistic terminology. After all, the interest in and vocabulary of identity and collective identifications is a contemporary phenomenon. The first time I encountered the term ‘identity’ in the Surinamese Jewish community archives, as a designation of Surinamese Jewish bounded groupness and its supposed characteristics, was in a document dated in the 1970s. The concept of identity was unknown to Jews living in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, KITLV | Creole Jews (28) - Vink Introducing Jewishness, creolization and the colonial domain 17 nor did they perceive themselves as ‘Surinamese Jews’.
Arguments raised by Surinamese Jewish community leaders against semi-forced migration to Suriname seem to have been driven primarily by their own precarious economic situation. In a petition, the leaders argued against the admission of poor Jewish migrants, noting the deterioration of the Surinamese plantation economy, and the constant threat of Maroon attacks that had caused various community members to leave the colony (Robert Cohen 1991:21-2). Ulterior motives were involved, too, as Portuguese Jewish leaders in particular were deeply concerned with upholding their status as a colonial elite.