Could Quicker Executions Deter Homicides?: The Relationship by Valerie L. Wright

By Valerie L. Wright

Wright examines no matter if waits for executions effect the deterrent worth of capital punishment. She additionally seeks to figure out no matter if race has a task in generating or inhibiting deterrence. She asks even if blacks and whites are both attentive to how speedy executions are performed, in addition to, no matter if the influence of celerity varies with the race of the accomplished. Longer waits on demise row are usually not with regards to murders. certainly, executions and having contributors on dying row will be contributing to raised premiums of homicides. In states and years the place there are not any executions, homicides between blacks are approximately thirty-six percentage decrease, and in states and years with out a person on demise row white murder premiums are approximately 40 percentage reduce.

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From this study, he concludes that the death penalty deters crimes other than murder and that future studies need to account for endogenous factors that influence a states’ decision to retain capital punishment. His study is one of a number of recent studies by economists that lend support to the deterrence hypothesis, although as a whole, the deterrence literature on severity suggests otherwise. Deterrence Assumptions and Deterrence Research 25 The Ehrlich Era and Certainty of Punishment. For many, Sellin’s (1967) conclusion that the death penalty is unrelated to homicides suggested that the issue of deterrence and capital punishment had been settled; the death penalty is not a deterrent for murder.

Perhaps other events in the criminal justice process such as the conviction may be important for gauging how long an individual waits before his or her execution is important for general deterrence outcomes. Determining the relative importance of specific measures of celerity should be useful information for those engaged in debates about curtailing the length of time offenders wait for executions by signaling which distance matters from a deterrence perspective. In addition, examining multiple time frames of celerity will aid in our understanding of the generality of the effect of celerity in executions.

To date, no one has examined whether the race of the offender matters in this manner. I intend to provide a broader understanding of how celerity in executions of specific racial populations may matter for deterrence. Third, this study will also shed light on the deterrent role of different measures of celerity. , offense, conviction, and sentence). Not all of these distances have been examined in the deterrence literature. Shepherd (2004) focused only on 18 Could Quicker Executions Deter Homicides?

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