Contesting Democracy: Political Ideas in Twentieth-Century by Jan-Werner Mülller

By Jan-Werner Mülller

This e-book is the 1st significant account of political inspiration in twentieth-century Europe, either West and East, to seem because the finish of the chilly battle. Skillfully mixing highbrow, political, and cultural historical past, Jan-Werner Müller elucidates the information that formed the interval of ideological extremes sooner than 1945 and the liberalization of West eu politics after the second one international struggle. He additionally bargains brilliant graphics of well-known in addition to unjustly forgotten political thinkers and the activities and associations they inspired.

Müller can pay specific consciousness to principles complex to justify fascism and the way they relate to the specific type of liberal democracy that was once created in postwar Western Europe. He additionally explains the influence of the Nineteen Sixties and neoliberalism, finishing with a serious overview of today's self-consciously post-ideological age.

Review
" [An] extraordinary survey of 20th-century eu political thought.”—Tony Barber, monetary Times
(Tony Barber monetary occasions 2011-08-20)

'This is a pathbreaking learn within the highbrow heritage of Europe in our time. Analysing principles that had political influence, Jan-Werner Mülller illuminates a endless debate approximately precise and fake democracy.' - Timothy Garton Ash
(Timothy Garton Ash)

'The such a lot cutting edge components of this admirably thorough and entire e-book take care of the no longer so liberal roots of the liberal political associations and practices that got here to fruition in post-war Europe. What moves me is the balanced remedy of advancements in Western and jap Europe.' - Jürgen Habermas
(J�rgen Habermas)

'Ideology is where the place thought and perform, philosophy and background, meet. comprehend this "in-between" and also you are good in your technique to knowing the private dynamics that form sleek political life. during this illuminating research Jan-Werner Müller is helping us see the event of twentieth-century Europe, East and West, in a clean mild by means of displaying how its attribute ideologies built, functioned, and tailored to the area they created. by means of concentrating on "political concept that concerns politically" Müller takes us past the straightforward tales we've inherited approximately revolution and response, post-war reconstruction, the chilly struggle, the Sixties, and masses else. via the tip he places us in a far better place to appreciate the forces at paintings in modern eu politics and the unusual appeal of the "anti-political" ideology that governs our time.' - Mark Lilla, writer of The Reckless brain: Intellectuals in Politics
(Mark Lilla)

'The nice success of Jan Werner Müller's Contesting Democracy is to lead us thoroughly around the huge unruly manifestos of ecu political rules, from the appalling doctrines that helped generate the totalitarian regimes and international wars to the uneasy decency of our personal period, with out sacrificing the reader's experience of urgency and signifiance.' - Charles S. Maier
(Charles Maier)

'Jan-Werner Müller’s Contesting Democracy is the main philosophically refined and topically entire research of political principles in 20th- century Europe but on hand. It indicates a masterful command of fundamental texts, archival assets, and myriad secondary literatures. Müller assembles for political theorists, highbrow historians and social scientists formerly disparate items of intellectual-political lifestyles from the final, so much incomprehensible century on that ceaselessly at a loss for words and infinitely difficult continent. by way of so expertly conveying the entire importance of communism, fascism, liberalism, social democracy and Christian democracy, Müller makes the eu 20th century even more fathomable from a old, ethical and political point of view than any past paintings, in any language.' - John P. McCormick, writer of Machiavellian Democracy
(John P. McCormick)

“…… [A] wonderful learn of the influence of mass democracy on ecu political cultures.”—David Marquand, the hot Statesman
(David Marquand the recent Statesman 2011-08-22)

“…..[An] first-class book…..Müller presents an insightful and entire evaluation of the advance of political principles in 20th-century Europe that takes in Fascism, Communism, social democracy, liberalism, and masses else.—Jeremy Jennings, perspective Magazine
(Jeremy Jennings viewpoint journal 2011-09-13)

“Muller’s profound and stimulating publication has a lot to supply, either to experts and for others.”—Roger Morgan, instances better Education
(Roger Morgan occasions greater schooling 2011-10-06)

“There is not any bankruptcy of the 20th century’s eu political suggestion that's not luminously analysed during this fantastically written, lucidly argued and immensely attractive book.”—Vladimir Tismaneanu, overseas Affairs
(Vladimir Tismaneanu overseas Affairs 2012-01-01)

"Jan-Werner Muller has written an exceptional booklet which for the 1st time provides us a competent synthesis of twentieth-century ecu political thought." eu overview of History
(European evaluate of heritage 2012-08-27)

"The originality of Contesting Democracy stems in sturdy half from the variety of its topic, its good thought-out constitution, and, final yet now not least, its full of life anecdotes and remarkable prices. Müller writes elegantly and has an outstanding eye for very important principles and missed authors." A. Craiutu, Springer.
(A. Craiutu Springer 2012-07-31)

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Weber claimed that ‘the fate of an epoch which has eaten of the tree of knowledge is that it must know that we cannot learn the meaning of the world from the results of its analysis, be it ever so perfect; it must rather be in a position to create this meaning itself ’. All science could deliver was the prediction of consequences, the means required for mastery of the external world. There was one further feature peculiar to the Occident. The modern West had seen the emergence of a number of different ‘value spheres’, or ‘orders of life’, as Weber called them, each with its own leading values, its own inner laws, and each subject to its own form of ‘rationalization’: the economy, for instance, but also aesthetics, religion and, of course, politics.

33 Goodbye to Most of That The First World War put into question every single institutional arrangement and every single political idea (or even just moral intuition) on which the Age of Security had rested. The optimistic liberal view of the world could never be the same again. But its authoritarian alternative suffered an even greater loss of credibility: dynasticism and divine right effectively disappeared as plausible means of legitimating political rule. And the war swept away all four great continental empires: the German, the Habsburg, the Russian and the Ottoman.

49 So there was one advance for liberalism in the nineteenth-century sense after all – except that Wilson’s supposed liberal revolution also seemed to call for what Lord Curzon had carelessly dubbed the ‘unmixing of peoples’. In practical terms, this often translated into invitations to physical or, at least, psychological violence: threats, bullying, forced deportations and even killing. ’ She also explained what it meant in practice: ‘every mass deportation – whether of whole classes or ethnic groups – was accompanied by waves of voluntary migration.

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