Combatting Corruption at the Grassroots Level in Nigeria by Funso E. Oluyitan

By Funso E. Oluyitan

This publication examines public oath taking as an anti-corruption procedure that has been applied with winning ends up in Nigeria and that has purposes for different international locations suffering from comparable difficulties. the writer of the publication is the founding father of organization of Nigerians opposed to Corruption (ANAC), the NGO that first piloted the oath taking program—in which individuals swear publically to not both take or obtain bribes. Drawing at the stories of this system and interviews with a few ANAC members, the writer sheds mild on many of the dynamics that underlie corruption, the potential for oath taking, and the significance of grassroots efforts and person ethical employer as forces of change.

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Political corruption is characterized by grand or big-ticket corruption conducted by political elites, explained Cullen (2008). These leaders use their position to salt away money from their countries, money they acquired from bribery and corruption. Transparency International (2004) named the ten most corrupt national leaders and revealed that four of them stole 5–10 billion dollars each. Two of the leaders are from Africa. Cullen summarized the total money siphoned by the ten leaders to grotesque numbers of a low of $32 billion to a high of $58 billion.

DEVELOPMENT, MODERNIZATION, AND CORRUPTION Though corruption is widespread, it is not the same everywhere. Sizeable literature has emerged explaining corruption in different countries around the world. Some corruption indices were published in the late 1970s and 1980s (Habib and Zurawicki 2001). This spawned empirical and quantitative research on a variety of corruption-related issues. Because of its clandestine nature, collecting data on corruption often relies on individual perceptions of country experts or business people with extensive experience in the countries in question.

Sirleaf was awarded the 2011 Noble Peace Prize and recognized for her non-violent struggle for the safety of women. Joyce Banda told the Johannesburg Telegraph during a visit to South Africa: When I took over, the economy had almost collapsed. I told Malawians we needed to pass through difficult times. I even cut my own salary by 30 percent to show we are making sacrifices. It is a very low salary, but most Malawians are getting just as little as that. (as cited in Laing 2012, p. 1) That was an unprecedented action by any African leader.

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