By H. Dick, P. Rimmer
This ebook indicates the influence of globalization on Southeast Asia, which over a number of many years has advanced from a unfastened set of war-torn ex-colonies to being a centre of world production. concentrating on towns, the authors clarify the emergence of contemporary Southeast Asia and its expanding integration into the area economic system through displaying how technological swap, financial improvement and politics have reworked the flows of products, humans and data.
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Extra info for Cities, Transport and Communications: The Integration of Southeast Asia since 1850
In finance, logistics, telecommunications and scientific research and as regional centres for American and Japanese multinationals, they are both First World cities. It is nonsense to suggest that their high incomes per capita should exclude them from ‘real’ Southeast Asia. By analogy with physics, Singapore and Hong Kong function like dynamos transferring energy from the centres of the world economy to adjacent Southeast Asian cities, which in turn function as smaller dynamos for their own hinterlands.
China, Japan and India together accounted for only 3 per cent, the balance 12 Patterns and Processes being made up almost entirely by local trade. Except for the small Japan trade still monopolized by the Dutch at Nagasaki, intra-Asian trade with India and China had shifted decisively to Singapore, which as a true entrepot drew together trade networks across the entire region. Java could be seen, without too much exaggeration, as an outlying island of the West Indies or Atlantic trading system rather than as an integral part of Asian commerce.
As the western powers tightened their grip on Southeast Asia, Singapore’s trade split more sharply into discrete circuits. Rapid growth of rubber exports to North America and Europe after 1900 boosted long-distance trade under European control. In this circuit Chinese participated only as local middlemen in accumulation and distribution. The Indian sphere especially waned, except in nearby Burma and in the specialist textile trade. IntraAsian trade nevertheless survived, albeit almost invisible to European eyes.