Christian Attitudes Toward the Jews in the Middle Ages: A by Michael Frassetto

By Michael Frassetto

Drawing from an both wide variety of sources-sermons, polemical texts, theological treatises, hagiographical and devotional works, and histories-the quantity demonstrates the emergence of a profoundly damaging photograph of the Jews that confirmed some of the stereotypes of vintage Christian anti-Semitism. the amount, particularly, argues that the fundamental turning aspect in kin among Christians and Jews happened within the 11th century, in particular the early 11th century whilst the 1st wave of persecutions of the Jews happened.

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III, 37; IX, 105. , I, 66. A remarkable case was brought to Gregory’s attention in 593 involving the sceleratissimus Jew Nasas setting up a fake altar to St. , III, 37. 12. , VIII, 25; IX, 38. , XIII, 13. 13. , I, 34; II, 45. 14. , The Chronicle of Ahimaaz (New York: Columbia University Press, 1924); a brief and rather dismissive treatment of Ahimaaz’s work is in Roth, History, 50–51; on Ahimaaz as a family historian, see Skinner, “Gender, Memory and Jewish Identity: Reading a Family History from Southern Italy,” Early Medieval Europe 13 (2005): 277–98.

30. On the antichrist rebuilding the temple, see Richard Emmerson, Antichrist in the Middle Ages: A Study of Medieval Apocalypticism, Art, and Literature (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1981), 42, 77, 91. 31. 25, 136–37. 32. 21, 204–5. The actual rebuilding of the temple may have begun under al-Hakim, who died in 1021, but the large-scale rebuilding was not undertaken until a treaty between al-Hakim’s son Daher and the Byzantine emperor Romanus III was signed and was not completed until the middle of the century after a period of great support by Emperor Constantine Monomachus in the 1040s.

23. , doc. 567. 24. , V, doc. 841. 25. , Codice Diplomatico Amalfitano, I (Naples: Stab. tip. S. Morano, 1917), doc. , Il Codice Perris: Cartulario Amalfitano, I (Amalfi: Centro di cultura e storia amalfitana, 1985), doc. 155 (1174). 26. Ivan G. Marcus, “History, Story and Collective Memory: Narrativity in Early Ashkenazic Culture,” Prooftexts 10 (1990): 383. 27. Bonfil, “Medieval Storytelling,” 241. 28. , Abbazia di Montevergine: Regesto delle Pergamene, I (Rome: Ufficio centrale degli archivi di Stato, 1956), 33, doc.

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