Chemistry of the textiles industry by C. Carr

By C. Carr

This e-book offers an summary of the chemistry of the textiles with emphasis on sensible features of the topic. The effect of fabric processing at the setting and the advance of environmentally pleasant processing is additionally mentioned

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These chain segments will contribute nothing towards the overall load-bearing capacity of the structure. Those chains that are effective are known as 'tie molecules'. Some of these may be stretched tightly between crystallites, and it is these that will bear the initial stress when the structure is loaded. 22 illustrates different types of chain segment which could emerge from the crystal surfaces. Hearle et al. (1988) attempted to develop quantitative structure models for melt-spun synthetic fibres which incorporate such features.

128, 1-35. Hosemann, R. (1950b) Ideal paracrystal and the coherent Rontgen radiation scattered by it. Z. , 128, 465-492. Hosemann, R. (1962) Crystallinity in high polymers, especially fibers. Polymer, 3, 349-392. A. (1958) Structure and phase state of polymers. J. Polymer ScL, 30, 247-258. Keller, A. (1957) Single crystals in polymers: Evidence of a folded chain configuration. Phil. ,2, 1171-1175. Keller, A. (1963) The Crystallinity of High Polymers. S. H. , London, pp. 332-390. Kratky, O. and Mark, H.

Similar models have been put forward by Peterlin (1971) and by Prevorsek et al. (1973). Spherulite growth may be observed in undrawn melt-spun fibres, and has also been reported to exist in undrawn sections of drawn films and fibres (Keller, 1963). There is at least one crucial distinction between the synthetic (including man-made) and natural fibres; in the former the constituent polymer molecules already existed prior to the fibre-formation process, which as a result becomes one of physical rearrangement; in the latter, the molecules develop simultaneously with the structure.

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