By Larry Rohter
During this highly praised narrative, long island occasions reporter Larry Rohter takes the reader on a full of life journey via Brazil’s historical past, tradition, and booming economic system. Going past the preferred stereotypes of samba, supermodels, and football, he exhibits us a gorgeous and sundry landscape--from breathtaking tropical shorelines to the plush and hazardous Amazon rainforest--and how a posh and colourful humans defy definition. He charts Brazil’s striking leap from a debtor state to at least one of the world’s quickest becoming economies, unravels the parable of Brazil’s sexually charged tradition, and portrays in brilliant colour the underbelly of impoverished favelas. With Brazil best the cost of the Latin American decade, this seriously acclaimed background is the authoritative advisor to figuring out its meteoric upward thrust.
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Additional info for Brazil on the Rise: The Story of a Country Transformed
Fidel Castro had come to power in Cuba in 1959, and the Kennedy administration feared the spread of his revolutionary gospel elsewhere in Latin America. Washington worried that Brazil, with its huge gap between rich and poor and other social inequities, was especially vulnerable. When Jânio Quadros announced an independent foreign policy and decorated Che Guevara during a visit to Brazil, the United States reacted with nearly as much irritation as the Brazilian right. The situation only worsened after Goulart took power and followed policies seen as hostile to American companies that had invested in Brazil, including allowing the nationalization of a subsidiary of ITT.
In return, the Allies got use of bases on Brazilian soil, which were crucial to the roundabout air bridge across the Atlantic to Africa and up to Europe, and to the deployment of Brazilian troops to fight alongside Allied forces in Italy. When the war ended, Vargas was forced to step down. But in 1950, he was the winner in a democratically conducted election, vanquishing three other candidates. He governed in a populist style, leading to tensions in relations with the United States and comparisons, only partially justifiable, with Juan Perón of Argentina.
Mobilizing the masses with the slogan “the oil is ours,” he also founded a state oil company, Petrobras, which is still in government hands today and is Brazil’s biggest company. But his administration was also marked by corruption and the intimidation of political enemies, which led to a political crisis in which the military demanded he step down. Rather than resign in disgrace, Vargas killed himself on August 24, 1954, and was interred as a national hero. Vargas remains one of the most complicated figures in Brazilian history, both beloved and reviled even today.