Biofuels (Energy Today) by Geoffrey M. Horn

By Geoffrey M. Horn

From vegetable oils to starches, those biodegradeable gas assets are visible as environmentally pleasant how you can strength autos, warmth houses, and prepare dinner foodstuff. Biofuels discusses varieties of biofuels, the technology at the back of their creation, their environmental affects, and attainable destiny makes use of.

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Timothy D. Searchinger, biofuels expert, 2008 An oil palm tree growing in Indonesia. forest they replace. So growing oil palm trees for biodiesel may actually make global warming worse. Brazil faces a similar problem. The country has already lost a large part of its rain forest. Farmers clear forest land by cutting and burning. This sends large amounts of soot and CO2 into the air. The forest lands have been cleared by farmers who want to raise cattle, soybeans, and sugarcane. Sugarcane is the main feedstock for ethanol in Brazil.

The algae is grown in large plastic tubes. The CO2 produced when the fuel burns is not released into the air. Instead, it is pumped back into the tubes to grow more algae. Plans call for the Venice power plant to be finished by 2011. Many other algae projects are under way. In Florida, for example, chemical companies are building a saltwater “algae farm” to make ethanol. The ethanol would be used as fuel and to make plastics. Another company is growing algae on saltwater ponds in Texas. Algae produces oil, which the company wants to use to make jet fuel.

Researchers in England not only imagined it—they built it. ” The car runs on biodiesel that is from chocolate waste and vegetable oils. It is designed to reach racing speeds of more than 145 miles (233 kilometers) per hour. Scientists also made use of renewable materials in building the car. The steering wheel, for example, includes materials from carrots and other root vegetables. The car body uses materials from potatoes and other plants. The Formula 3 race car that runs on biodiesel made from chocolate and vegetable oil.

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