Biodegradation and Bioconversion of Hydrocarbons by Kirsten Heimann, Obulisamy Parthiba Karthikeyan, Subramanian

By Kirsten Heimann, Obulisamy Parthiba Karthikeyan, Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu

This e-book information 3 major themes: the screening and characterization of hydrocarbons from air, soil and water; applied sciences within the biodegradation of hydrocarbons; and the bioconversion of hydrocarbons for biofuel/chemicals, in addition to contemporary advancements within the remediation of hydrocarbons and their environmental advantages. the 1st part makes a speciality of screening tools, qualitative and quantitative research of hydrocarbons from soil, air and water environments, speciation of hydrocarbons, and average bioremediation innovations in such environments. the second one part examines applied sciences for elimination hydrocarbon contaminants from numerous environments, specially complicated applied sciences for the elimination of hydrocarbons and in-situ and ex-situ remediation thoughts and difficulties, in addition to concrete case reviews. The final part, masking the bioconversion of hydrocarbons for biofuel/chemicals, highlights the biochemicals and bioproducts constructed from hydrocarbons, with a selected specialize in biochemical and chemical applied sciences used to supply biopolymers, biofuel precursors and commodity chemical substances from hydrocarbons.

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Nikitik and Robinson (2003) found that a pulse of water-borne low molecular weight hydrocarbons had moved up MHW after the ‘Sea Empress’ spill which was thought to account for the widespread observed oil sheens, and the toxic effects on benthic amphipods lasting up to five years. Monitoring data suggest that within <5 years THC concentrations were similar to those before the spill. In fact, THC concentrations had already returned by April 1997 to pre-spill levels (1993), but in October 1997 there were renewed increases in THC almost throughout MHW.

Most of these stations (17/23) had high PAH concentrations in quarter 4 (Q4) of 2005, in contrast to the annual data in Fig. 6a which show that 2005 was the lowest average UK concentration. Although PAH concentration in Q4 2005 was not significantly different to the long-term Q4 average, the fact that Q4 2005 was warmer than average, perhaps reducing seasonal fuel usage, suggests that the Buncefield fire may have affected PAHs in UK air. I. Little and Y. Galperin Glasgow ΣPAH39 ng/m3 Ashington ΣPAH39 ng/m3 100 80 60 50 40 20 0 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Belfast ΣPAH39 ng/m3 Hazelrigg ΣPAH39 ng/m3 1000 100 800 600 50 400 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 200 0 Birmingham ΣPAH39 ng/m3 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 100 High Muffles ΣPAH39 ng/m3 50 60 40 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Bolsover ΣPAH39 ng/m3 20 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 150 Hove ΣPAH39 ng/m3 100 50 50 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Cardiff ΣPAH39 ng/m3 Kinlochleven ΣPAH39 ng/m3 60 400 40 300 20 200 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 Crystal Palace ΣPAH39 ng/m3 100 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 150 Lisburn ΣPAH39 ng/m3 100 150 50 100 0 50 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Edinburgh ΣPAH39 ng/m3 Liverpool ΣPAH39 ng/m3 40 100 20 50 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Fig.

6a), and perhaps implicating the large fire at Buncefield oil storage depot on 11th December 2005. Monthly data that would have helped to resolve this only became available from late 2006 through 2007 at 34 stations, and used a different sampler (‘Digitel’ DHA-80) The Assessment of Hydrocarbon Contamination in Contrasting … London Ashdown PAH39 ng/m3 Port Talbot PAH39 ng/m3 100 150 50 100 0 35 50 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 0 London Brent PAH39 ng/m3 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 80 Scunthorpe PAH39 ng/m3 60 40 250 20 200 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 150 100 Manchester Law Court PAH39 ng/mg3 50 0 250 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 200 150 Stoke Ferry PAH39 ng/m3 100 150 50 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Middlesbrough PAH39 ng/mg3 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 100 50 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Newcastle PAH39 ng/m3 60 40 20 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Newport PAH39 ng/m3 100 50 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Fig.

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