By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Commission on Life Sciences, Committee on Biobased Industrial Products
Petroleum-based business items have progressively changed items derived from organic fabrics. in spite of the fact that, biologically dependent items are creating a comeback--because of a threefold bring up in farm productiveness and new technologies.
Biobased business Products envisions a biobased commercial destiny, the place starch could be used to make biopolymers and vegetable oils becomes a regimen part in lubricants and detergents.
Biobased commercial Products overviews the U.S. land assets to be had for agricultural creation, summarizes plant fabrics at present produced, and describes clients for expanding forms and yields.
The committee discusses the idea that of the biorefinery and descriptions confirmed and strength thermal, mechanical, and chemical applied sciences for conversion of typical assets to business applications.
The committee additionally illustrates the developmental dynamics of biobased items via present examples, in addition to items nonetheless at the drafting board, and it identifies priorities for learn and development.
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Extra info for Biobased Industrial Products: Research and Commercialization Priorities
The plant’s seeds are 17 to 20 percent triglyceride, 80 to 90 percent of which is (esterfied) petroselenic acid (an 18-carbon fatty acid with a single unsaturated bond at C-6). Oxidative cleavage of the petroselenic acid’s double bond yields adipic acid, a 6-carbon dicarboxylic acid used in the synthetic polymers or nylon industry, and lauric acid, a 12-carbon fatty acid used in the soaps and detergent industry. Also, the derivation (hydrolysis) of the petroselenic acid ester from the seed triacylglyceride yields glycerol, another chemical with industrial utility.
SILVICULTURE CROPS Forests are a major source of raw materials for the production of wood products. The amount of land supporting the nation’s forests has remained relatively constant since 1930 (USDA, 1995). Heightened public 26 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html RAW MATERIAL RESOURCE BASE 27 interest for forest preservation has led to government policies that support conversion of federal forest lands to special uses such as parks and wildlife areas that prohibit timber production.
Lignin Lignin is a phenylpropane polymer that holds together cellulose and hemicellulose components of woody plant matter. Lignin constitutes about 15 to 25 percent of the weight of lignocellulose. Lignin has not yet been used as a raw material for industrial use in large quantities. Concerted attempts by pulp and paper research laboratories to develop new markets for byproduct lignins have had only limited success (Bozell and Landucci, 1993). Production of low-molecular-weight compounds from kraft lignin (phenols in particular) similarly has not yet proved commercially competitive.