Beyond dogma : Rumi’s teachings on friendship with God and by Jawid Mojaddedi

By Jawid Mojaddedi

Regardless of Rumi's (d. 1273) contemporary emergence as a best-selling poet within the English-speaking international, primary questions about his teachings, resembling the connection of his Sufi mysticism to the broader Islamic faith, stay contested. during this groundbreaking examine, Jawid Mojaddedi reaches to the center of the problem through reading Rumi's teachings on walaya (Friendship with God) in mild of past discourse within the wider Sufi culture and juridico-theological Islam. Walaya isn't just valuable to Rumi's teachings, yet varieties the root for the social gathering of intimacy, verbal exchange with the Divine, and transcendence of traditional religiosity in his poetry. And but walaya is the point of Sufism which has confirmed the main tough to reconcile with juridico-theological Islam.

In addition to its specialize in Rumi, Beyond Dogma provides a perceptive research of the ancient improvement of the discourse on walaya within the formative centuries of Sufism. this era coincides with the time whilst juridico-theological Islam rose to dominance, as mirrored within the harmonizing efforts of theoretical Sufi writings, specifically the manuals of the 10th and 11th centuries. Mojaddedi's research enables a nuanced and contextualized overview of Rumi's teachings on walaya, which had already attracted more than a few perspectives ahead of his time: from arguments in want of its superiority to Prophethood, to promises of subordinate deference in the direction of the Prophetic background interpreted by way of juridico-theological students. within the strategy, Beyond Dogma allows a clean overview of the influential early Sufi manuals of their ancient context, whereas additionally highlighting the importance for juridico-theological students of basic dogma within the means of consolidating their very own dominance.

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Moreover, the image of clearing a path through the snow implies that others can follow the path taken by Muhammad all the way to its completion thanks to his signposts, though they cannot surpass it. The first two of the three images could therefore be interpreted as meaning that those who follow the path after Muhammad can reach the same limit, or attain up to as many “gifts” as him, though he clearly has the distinction and honor of being the first to complete the path to its furthest extent, and to receive the gifts.

This group is veiled, having sunk completely into unbelief and error. Another group remember a little and so the fervor and passion of that previous realm reemerges in them—these are the believers (mu minān). 6 This extended analogy is representative of the numerous instances where God’s Friends are grouped together with Prophets by Rumi without distinction, even though a distinction is made between them and ordinary believers. Therefore, if there were any distinction at all between Friends of God and Prophets in his eyes, it must have been much less than that between ordinary believers and them, or between believers and unbelievers in this example.

We have not known You to the true extent that You should be known,’ while Bāyazīd said, ‘Glory be to me! How tremendous is my rank! ’” Rumi immediately dismounted from the mule, screamed due to the awesomeness of that question, and fainted. He remained unconscious for one hour, and all the people gathered around. When he woke up, having returned from the world of unconsciousness, he took Shams by the hand and led him on foot to his school. They went into a chamber, and did not let anyone else inside until forty days had passed.

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