By Ben Goldacre
Undesirable technological know-how hilariously uncovered the methods that quacks and reporters use to distort technological know-how, turning into a 400,000 replica bestseller. Now Ben Goldacre places the $600bn worldwide pharmaceutical below the microscope. What he finds is an interesting, terrifying mess.
Doctors and sufferers want strong medical facts to make educated judgements. yet as an alternative, businesses run undesirable trials on their lonesome medicines, which distort and exaggerate the advantages by way of layout. while those trials produce unflattering effects, the knowledge is just buried. All of this can be completely felony. in reality, even govt regulators withhold very important info from the folks who desire it so much. medical professionals and sufferer teams have stood through too, and did not shield us. as a substitute, they take cash and favours, in a global so fractured that medics and nurses are actually expert by means of the medicine undefined. sufferers are harmed in large numbers.
Ben Goldacre is Britain's most interesting author at the technology in the back of medication, and 'Bad Pharma' is a transparent and witty assault, exhibiting precisely how the technology has been distorted, how our structures were damaged, and the way effortless it'd be to mend them.
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Additional info for Bad Pharma: How Drug Companies Mislead Doctors and Harm Patients
A longitudinal incision is made midway between the medial edge of the patella and the medial epicondyle. Sharp and blunt dissection is used to expose the thick medial retinacular layer contiguous with the inferior border of the vastus medialis obliquus muscle. With gentle dissection, the superior and inferior borders of the MPFL are isolated (Fig. 2-3). 16 to identify the site of the MPFL tear at the medial border of the patella, the medial femoral epicondyle, or in midsubstance. FIGURE 2-1 Comparison of patellar translation between symptomatic left and asymptomatic right knees with equal lateral forces applied under general anesthesia.
Patellar stability, translation, and tilt are usually easier to characterize when the patient is anesthetized. With the knee extended, the position of the patella is determined at rest, and with a lateral translation force applied. The amount of translation on the symptomatic side is compared to the normal lateral patellar translation in the contralateral knee (Fig. 2-1). The patella is pushed laterally, and the amount of translation and the consistency of the endpoint are assessed. The examiner everts the lateral edge of the patella to determine whether the lateral retinaculum is tight.
FIGURE 2-2 The circle is drawn over the patella. The proximal â€œXâ€• is over the adductor tubercle; the distal â€œXâ€• overlies the medial epicondyle. The proximal line is over the midportion of the MPFL and is where the incision is made to expose the medial border of the patella and medial femoral epicondyle. The distal line overlies the pes anserine insertion and is where the incision is made to harvest the gracilis tendon. Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Repair The medial edge of the patella is brought into the operative field by applying a medially directed force to the lateral border of the patella.