Babylonian Creation Myths by W. G. Lambert

By W. G. Lambert

For a lot of the final 1/2 the 20th century, W. G. Lambert committed a lot of his learn power and energy to the learn of Babylonian texts facing Mesopotamian rules relating to production, together with particularly Enuma Elish. This quantity, which looks virtually precisely 2 years after Lambert's demise, distills a life of studying by means of the world's ideal specialist on those texts. Lambert presents an entire transliteration and translation of the 7 capsules of Enuma Elish, in line with the identified exemplars, in addition to assurance of a couple of different texts that endure on, or are proposal to endure on, Mesopotamian notions of the foundation of the realm, mankind, and the gods. New variations of seventeen extra "creation stories" are supplied, together with "Enmesharra's Defeat," "Enki and Ninmah," "The Slaying of Labbu,' and "The Theogony of Dunnu."

Lambert will pay distinctive cognizance, after all, to the relationship of the most epic, Enuma Elish, with the increase and position of Marduk within the Babylonian pantheon. He lines the advance of this deity's beginning and upward thrust to prominence and elaborates the connection of this article, and the others mentioned, to the non secular and political weather Babylonia.

The quantity contains 70 plates (primarily hand-copies of many of the exemplars of Enuma Elish) and huge indexes.

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The chief problem of Akkadian metre lies in what we have called phrases. While we insist that a construct with its following genitive can serve as one metrical unit, it may also serve as two. : i-ti-niq-ma ṣer-ret ištārāti meš I 85 If the last two words are taken as two metrical units, a perfect 1/2 results. If it is insisted that they must be construed as one unit, a 1/1 has to be acknowledged. In the whole group of 682 lines, only 2 (or perhaps 3; see below) are certainly of the type 1/1. ” They may count as either one or two units.

Such a clause is a well-knit unit, and this fact separates it from the construct on which it depends. This is negative evidence. : a-lik-ma šá ti-amat nap-šá-tuš pu-ru-ʾ-ma IV 31 The ordinary prose order would be: alikma napšat tiāmat puruʾma This, however, obscures the caesura, which was preserved by the use of ša and the resumptive suffix instead of a construct chain. The same phenomenon occurs in I 17, IV 17 and 33, V 5, and VI 88. A related construction occurs in IV 66: šá dqin-gu ḫa-ʾi-ri-šá i-še-ʾ-a šip-qí-šú The regular prose order would be: šipqi qingi ḫāʾirīša išēʾa but this obscures the caesura, since “Qingu” and “her spouse” are in apposition and so closely bound.

2/2 with phrases I 10, 12, 18, 19, 29, 60, 78, 80, 87, 105, 109, 130, 134, 144, 150, 153, 154, 157. II 8, 10, [101], [122]*, [127]. III 4, 10, 55, 68, 125, 138. IV 9, 14, 18, 27, 30, 33, 34, 41, 42, 44, 48, 50, 51, 56, 60, 62, 64, 65, 83, 86, 93, 96, 116*, 125, 126*, 128, 142. V 6, 8, 13, 16, 19, 70, 75, 79, 84, 86, 114, 116. VI 8, 34, 42, 46, 62, 81, 83, 86, 93, 94, 96, 98, 100, 107, 108, 112. 1/2, a lines I 3, 5, 9, 21, 23, 25, 27, 35, 37, 39, 41, 53, 55, 57, 63, 69, 71, 73, 77, 83, 85, 91, 93, 97, 111, 139.

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