Art and Archaeology of Challuabamba, Ecuador by Terence Grieder

By Terence Grieder

Challuabamba (chi-wa-bamba)—now a constructing suburb of Cuenca, the critical urban within the southern highlands of Ecuador—has been recognized for a century as an historic web site that produced particularly tremendous pottery in nice amounts. Suspecting that Challuabamban ceramics may well supply a hyperlink among prior, preceramic tradition and later, hugely constructed Formative interval artwork, Terence Grieder led an archaeological research of the location among 1995 and 2001. during this publication, he and the crew of paintings historians and archaeologists who excavated at Challuabamba current their findings, which identify the community's value as a middle in a community of exchange and inventive impact that prolonged to the Amazon River basin and the Pacific Coast.Art and Archaeology of Challuabamba, Ecuador offers an in depth research of ceramics relationship to 2100-1100 BC, besides descriptions of stamps and seals, stone and shell artifacts, burials and their choices, human is still, and zooarchaeology. Grieder and his coauthors reveal that the pottery of Challuabamba fills a spot among early and overdue Formative kinds and in addition has a distinct reference to later highland kinds in Peru. They draw on all of the fabric is still to reconstruct the 1st transparent photograph of Challuabamba's prehistory, together with agriculture and future health, interregional contacts and trade, red-banded incised ware and ceramic creation, and shamanism and cosmology.Because southern Ecuador has obtained fairly little archaeological examine, paintings and Archaeology of Challuabamba, Ecuador bargains very important baseline information for what can provide to be a key region of the prehistoric Andean zone.

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2003 Social and Cultural Development in the Ecuadorian Highlands and Eastern Lowlands during the Formative. In Archaeology of Formative Ecuador, ed. by J. S. Raymond and R. L. Burger, 125–174. : Dumbarton Oaks. Bruhns, Karen Olsen, James H. Burton, and George R. Miller 1990 Excavations at Pirincay in the Paute Valley of Southern Ecuador, 1985–1988. Antiquity 64:221–233. Bruhns, Karen Olsen, James H. Burton, and Arthur Rostoker 1994 La cerámica incisa en franjas rojas: evidencia de intercambio entre la sierra y el oriente en el Formativo Tardío del Ecuador.

A distinctive characteristic of the paste is the presence of about 10% submicron-sized rectangular features. The majority of these features represent voids: whatever was present is now gone. A few contain an amorphous grayish white material whose composition is unknown. Also present in the sherd are about 15% inclusions that consist predominantly of isolated grains of andesine plagioclase and quartz in roughly equal proportions. These isolated grains range from very fine to medium in size. A few particles of untwinned potassium are also present in trace amounts.

But innovation in the later phases was not so much in vessel form as in ware and decoration. Wendell Bennett’s (1946:20–40) report on Huancarcuchu ceramics, from the locations closest to those reported here, shows two general forms: “constricted mouth bowls,” which include all our smaller jar forms (1, 2, 4), and “open bowls,” in which most of our Forms 3, 5, 7, and 8 would fall. 93% are in the “constricted mouth” category. The main differences are in the firing and decoration: Bennett found only 32 sherds of polished blackware, in contrast to 1,483 red painted and polished sherds.

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