Anti-Apartheid and the Emergence of a Global Civil Society by Hakan Thorn

By Hakan Thorn

This booklet appears at anti-apartheid as a part of the historical past of current international politics. It presents the 1st comparative research of other sections of the transnational anti-apartheid circulate. the writer emphasizes the significance of a old point of view on political cultures, social hobbies, and international civil society. examining part of twentieth century post-war heritage regularly from a sociological viewpoint it additionally highlights dimensions of globalization in an period within which we nonetheless stay; the ability of the media; and the ability of collective motion.

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In the book, FRELIMO, MPLA and Narratives of Transnational Anti-Apartheid Activism 39 PAIGC were referred to as the avant-garde organizations of the African struggle for liberation, praised for their ‘successful struggle for liberation since the early 1960s’. 29 This was, according to Mngqikana, ‘the beginning of my fights with them, sort of clashes’. These clashes were however not so much about ideology as about strategy, as is shown in the following example on how Mngqikana argued in relation to the issue of defining the struggle in public space: Someone would come up with some silly idea that if they are going to organize a demonstration, it must be on the basis of anti-imperialism.

This pre-Sharpeville process of mobilization, which the protest in Sharpeville in fact can be seen as a result of, began inside South Africa, included as a crucial element the call for a boycott of South African goods, and culminated in the months before the Sharpeville shootings. 54 Attempts to think about power, territoriality, identity, structure and action beyond the ‘nation state paradigm’, or ‘methodological nationalism’, have often been centred on the concept of ‘border’. 55 It might also be used as a name for a ‘transnationalist approach’ shared by a number of scholars working in fields such as postcolonial studies, cultural studies, sociology, international relations and anthropology.

The narrative of Sobizana Mngqikana articulates the experience of an ANC exile activist, moving between different national contexts of the anti-apartheid movement, representing the ‘the authentic voice’ of the struggle. Narratives of Transnational Anti-Apartheid Activism 31 The narratives of Margaret Ling and Mai Palmberg display the importance of the post 1968 student movement and its network, through which a second phase of transnational anti-apartheid mobilization was initiated. The story of Ling, representing the movement organizer, takes the perspective of a British activist, being ‘politisized’ through encountering exile activists at the university, as well as through reflections on the unfinished business of British colonialism, including the involvement of her own ‘kith and kin’.

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