Anthropology of Violence and Conflict (European Association by Bettina Schmidt, Ingo Schroeder

By Bettina Schmidt, Ingo Schroeder

Anthropology of Violence has just recently constructed right into a box of study in its personal correct and as such it truly is nonetheless relatively fragmented. Anthropology of Violence and clash seeks to redress this fragmentation and enhance a mode of cross-cultural research. The research of vital conflicts, corresponding to wars in Sarajevo, Albania and Sri Lanka in addition to various much less publicised conflicts, all objective to create a thought of violence as cross-culturally acceptable as attainable. most significantly this quantity makes use of the anthropology of violence as a device to assist within the attainable prevention of violence and clash on the planet this present day.

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Example text

They are, in other words, ‘to die (or kill) for’. The ‘threat’ which these people perceive as threatening to strike at the very core of their being is what I would, following Laclau and Mouffe, term an ‘antagonism’. A confrontation with an antagonism is not a competition since, in a competition, both the winner and the loser emerge from their struggle as the subjects who entered into it; the only difference is that one will have acquired an advantage or object for his or herself which the other will have failed to grasp.

Soziologie der Gewalt, Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag. —— (1998) ‘Gewalt als inszenierte Plötzlichkeit’, in J. Koehler and S. Heyer (eds) Anthropologie der Gewalt. Chancen und Grenzen der sozialwissenschaftlichen Forschung, Berlin: Verlag für Wissenschaft und Forschung. —— (1999) ‘Markets of violence’, in G. Elwert, S. Feuchtwang and D. Neubert (eds) Dynamics of Violence. Processes of Escalation and De- Introduction 23 Escalation in Violent Group Conflicts, Sociologus, Supplement 1, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot.

Anthropological models designed to explain the creation of a meaningful social universe are, in our view, uniquely well suited for the analysis of the social implementation of violence. The 20 Ingo W. Schröder and Bettina E. Schmidt recourse to violence under specific conditions results from decisions that have narrowed down the number of options for conflict resolution to one. Anthropologists should try to understand the cultural mediation of real-world conditions that bring these decisions about.

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