Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in by Seth L. Sanders, Jonathan Ben-Dov

By Seth L. Sanders, Jonathan Ben-Dov

Until very lately, the belief of historical Jewish sciences might were thought of unacceptable. because the 1990’s, Early sleek and Medieval technological know-how in Jewish resources has been actively studied, however the consensus used to be that no genuine clinical issues will be present in past Judaism. This paintings issues them out intimately, and posits a brand new box of study: the clinical task obtrusive within the lifeless Sea Scrolls and Early Jewish Pseudepigrapha. The book of latest texts and new analyses of older ones unearths the most important parts which are top illuminated through the historical past of technological know-how, and should have fascinating results for it. The participants assessment those texts with regards to astronomy, astrology and physiognomy, marking the 1st entire try and account for clinical topics in moment Temple Judaism. They examine the that means and function of clinical explorations in an apocalyptic surroundings. An appreciation of those subject matters paves the best way to a renewed figuring out of the clinical fragments scattered all through rabbinic literature.
 
The publication first locations the Jewish fabric within the old context of the close to jap and Hellenistic worlds. whereas the Jewish texts weren't at the innovative of clinical discovery, they discover a significant position within the historical past of technology, among Babylonia and Egypt, within the period of time among Hipparchus and Ptolemy. The ebook makes use of fresh advances in approach to research the contacts and networks of Jewish students of their old surroundings. moment, the essays the following take on the problematical inspiration of a countrywide clinical culture. even though technological know-how is these days usually conceived as common, the historiography of historic Jewish sciences demonstrates the significance of seeing the advance of technological know-how in an area context. The publication explores the strain among the hegemony of crucial clinical traditions and native medical organizations, exhibiting the relevance of historic info to modern postcolonial historiography of technological know-how. ultimately, philosophical questions of the demarcation of technological know-how are addressed in a fashion that could improve the dialogue of similar old materials.
 
Online variation available as a part of the NYU Library's historical global electronic Library and in partnership with the Institute for the research of the traditional international (ISAW).

 

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The circles which produced it saw a strong analogy between the state of society in their own times and the condition of the world before the Flood. There was the same radical corruption. The sins of the Watchers were being repeated in their day, and just as God had responded in the past to such radical evil with overwhelming punishment from which only a righteous remnant escaped, so he was about to do the same again. The world stood once more under the threat of imminent catastrophe. Just as Enoch, the preacher of righteousness, had warned the wicked in his day, so the Enochic circles were warning the wicked in their day and telling them to flee from the wrath to come.

It would not be hard to deduce from this passage, though the text does not explicitly do so, that it is perfectly possible, legitimate, and, indeed, desirable to study the wisdom that fashioned the world. The circles that inaugurated the Enoch tradition took the Proverbs 8 line. They were as impressed as the author of Job by the wonders of nature, but they saw this as no bar to studying or to explaining how nature worked. They had, as Isaac Newton would have appreciated, the attitude of the true scientist: awe before nature, but at the same time an irresistible urge to probe its mysteries, and when the mystery is explained, the awe is not dispelled but only deepened.

33-36) offer little that adds to the store of his understanding of the way the universe works. 3 Features of the versions in which the Astronomical Book has come down to us confront readers with a challenge in employing it for close study. The Aramaic copies are badly damaged so that only pieces have survived, usually small ones and ones often difficult to read. From the remains it appears that a systematic, list-like presentation of lunar data was at the heart of the composition. For date after date the texts record the time during which the moon was visible or invisible and the amount of the lunar surface that was illuminated or not illuminated.

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