Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction by Antonio Loprieno

By Antonio Loprieno

Предмет данного исследования - язык Древнего Египта. Используя данные современной лингвистики, автор рассматривает иероглифическую систему и ее рукописные варианты, фонетику, морфологию и синтаксис древнеегипетского языка, а также анализирует генетические связи с другими языками Ближнего Востока.Образцы сканов:

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B) the A k h m i m i c (and partially Lycopolitan) raising of etymological */a/ to c o > or sometimes (instead of the regular outcome < a > ) , of etymological */a:/ to < o r >(instead o f the usual < o > ) , and of etyn~ological*/i:$T/ to < I > (instead of < H > ) in final position and before reduplication of thc vowel:R7 SA'TOOT~,R T O T ~ , F ~ h h ~ ' l "his hand"; S B A L % i o . am/= ['c'u:bm]. /). /, the sequence of two glottal stops at the end of the doubly-closed syllable being the reason for the variety of spellings of this word: TO#, TA(€), TO, just to mention the Sahidic forms.

Heaven" vs. pl. wt */pi:wat/ > rinse /pe:wa/. A few feminine plurals, especially those belonging to the a-pattern *-awwat > -oose /-owwa/,41 survive down to Coptic. 3 Earlier Egyptian nominal morphology CONS. wt */ridwat/ *flora," from sb3 "star" the collective sb3. 3. The reconstructions refer to the formal ("prehistoric") structure of the words, and not necessarily to their actual phonological realization in historical Egyptian. ) and semantically related lexemes: the two s;lndals, the Two Gods.

S. Active participle *s6dim 'the one who hears" Passive participle *sAdmiw 'the one who is heard" < **samiw *&d "to say" Infinitive Passive part. s. *dvdFdat "what has been said" Past rel. s. pl. Infinitive Causative infinitive Nominal ending Nominal ending *man "to be stable" *siminit "to establishw *jammij U(typcof) vessel" *'aqwuw "income" (> "food") "to entern wsb "(to be) broad" *sibat "field"(< 'breadth") 4 Ekmmts of historical morphology 54 Vocalic skeletons generally determine the structure of nominal patterns and of basic conjugational forms, whereas semivocalic suffixes convey the expression of the plural, of adjectival forms of the verb (participles and relative forms), and of some conjugational patterns.

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