An Inca Account of the Conquest of Peru by Titu Cusi Yupanqui, Ralph Bauer

By Titu Cusi Yupanqui, Ralph Bauer

On hand in English for the 1st time, An Inca Account of the Conquest of Peru is a firsthand account of the Spanish invasion, narrated in 1570 by way of Diego de Castro Titu Cusi Yupanqui—the penultimate ruler of the Inca dynasty—to a Spanish missionary and transcribed through Titu Cusi's mestizo secretary.

Titu Cusi tells of his father's maltreatment by the hands of the Spaniards; his father's resulting army campaigns, withdrawal and homicide; and his personal succession as ruler. This brilliant narrative illuminates the Incan view of the Spanish invaders and gives a tremendous account of local peoples' resistance, lodging, switch, and survival within the face of the Spanish conquest.

Ralph Bauer's amazing translation, annotations, and advent supply serious context and heritage for an entire realizing of Titu Cusi's occasions and the importance of his phrases. Co-winner of the 2005 Colorado Endowment for the arts ebook Prize.

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Sample text

Meanwhile, Spanish authorities were becoming increasingly concerned about the growing support that nativist resistance movements were receiving among many of the already “pacified” indigenous population. 15 Although the movement was eventually put down by Spanish authorities, García de Castro pursued a reconciliatory and diplomatic approach to the problem still posed by the rebels at Vilcabamba. Titu Cusi reciprocated the demonstrations of goodwill by frequently exchanging letters with Spanish authorities in Lima and Cuzco, entertaining Spanish missionaries in his refuge, and even allowing himself to be baptized and adopting a Christian name— Diego de Castro, in honor of the Spanish governor.

But never forget our own ceremonies” (p. 116). Even though Titu Cusi was generally tolerant of Spanish culture, he, unlike his uncle —16— INTRODUCTION Paullu and cousin Carlos, continued the traditional Inca ways of life. A contemporary Spaniard who had met him, Diego de Rodíguez de Figueroa, described him as wearing full ceremonial custom, including a “multicolored headdress, a diadem on his forehead and another one on his neck, a colored mask, a silver plate on his chest, garters of feathers, and carrying a golden lance, dagger, and shield” (see Hemming, 314).

In order to excavate these aspects of the text, it is helpful to place this narrative in the context of recent ethnohistorical and anthropological scholarship that has provided much insight about other histories written in Spanish but drawing on native Andean traditions. In particular, the chronicles written by Juan de Betanzos as well as those written by Pedro Cieza de León, Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa, and during the early seventeenth century the mestizo Inca Garcilaso de la Vega contain valuable comments about Inca historiographic practices that help us to reconstruct the traditions on which Titu Cusi would have drawn when telling his history of the conquest.

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