African Traditional Medicine: Autonomy and Informed Consent by Peter Ikechukwu Osuji

By Peter Ikechukwu Osuji

This ebook makes a speciality of educated consent in African conventional medication (ATM). ATM types a wide part of the healthcare structures in Africa. WHO records convey that up to eighty% of the inhabitants in Africa makes use of conventional medication for fundamental future health care. With one of these huge constituency, it follows that ATM and its practices may still obtain extra consciousness in bioethics. through evaluating the ethics of care method with the ATM method of Relational Autonomy In Consent (RAIC), the authors argue that the ATM specialize in consent in line with consensus constitutes a valid proficient consent. This e-book is specified insofar because it employs the ethics of care as a hermeneutic to interpret ATM. The research examines the ethics of care flow in Western bioethics to discover its relational method of expert consent. also, this is often the 1st identified examine that discusses healthcare ethics committees in ATM.

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3 The Concept of Person and Autonomy There are various ideas of what constitutes a human person in Western culture. g. Martin Heidegger and John Paul Sartre) believe that human beings are relational, that to be is to be in relationship (See Macquarrie 1968). They also believe that human beings are co-existent and interdependent beings and not independent isolated beings. There is no statement that one can make about a person that is not referential (Luijpen and Koren 1969).  149). Aristotle too held that human beings are by nature social and political animals.

54). The state or society is a creation of nature and it precedes the individual. Aristotle argues that the proof that the state or society is prior to the individual is that the individual is not self-sufficient when isolated. An individual who is unsocial (has no state or society) naturally and not accidentally, is either a bad person or above humanity. An individual who is either incapable of the common life or is so self-sufficient as not to need to live in society, is either a beast or a god (Aristotle 1943).

The distinction between the treatment method for slaves and that for free citizens melted into Hippocratic aphorism: if a patient is under orders, that patient will not stray; whereas, if the patient is left to his or her own discretion, that patient will give up the struggle and die. Hippocrates advised, therefore, that the physician should take the patient in hand. ” (Hippocrates, and Cf.  354). For example, Hippocratic ethics required physicians not to reveal anything of the patient’s future or current condition.

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