African Agricultural Production Development Policy in Kenya by H. Ruthenberg

By H. Ruthenberg

In quantity 2 of the "Afrika-Studien" an appraisal of the rural improvement coverage in Tanganyika (now Tanzania) from 1950 to 1963 used to be made. This file is a continuation of the paintings in East Africa, with the emphasis mendacity on a tentative quantitative review of prices and merits of smallholder improvement. There are few international locations in Africa south of the Sahara the place as many and as numerous measures for the promoting of small­ holder farming were attempted as always and intensively as in Kenya. specifically the "Swynnerton Plan" ended in the employment of considerable sums in African farming. the various ways were hugely luck­ ful, others no longer. it's the goal of this report back to tell approximately goals and associations, tools and problems, charges and merits. Prof. Dr. EMIL WOERMANN Institut fiir landwirtschaftliche Betriebs- und Landarbeitslehre, Gottingen Acknowledgements As ordinary with stories of this nature, my major debt is to a lot of smallholders, settlers, scheme managers, Agricultural officials and Instruc­ tors who so willingly mentioned their issues of me and hence supplied the data on which this document relies. i'm so much thankful for the help rendered via many of the Departments of the Kenya govt. A debt of gratitude is owed fairly to the Fritz Thyssen beginning, Cologne, which supplied the money and to the Ifo-Institute, Munich, which gives the institutional framework for German fiscal examine paintings in East Africa. Most worthy recommendation and feedback was once given through Mr. ]. D.

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Averages derived from the surveys made in 1962 and 1963-64 Age of Crop (years) Item 1 Hours worked per acre 1552 Hired labour as per cent of total 73 Total labour costs in Shillings 294 per acre 1 Other expenses in Shillings 391 per acre 2 Total Cost per acre 3 685 Cherry Sales, shillings per acre 4 Balance, shillings per acre -685 Accounting profit, shillings per acre 5 2 3 4 5 627 57 1494 67 1729 48 1669 62 137 277 424 407 17 154 84 361 64 488 49 456 -154 512 151 2251 1763 4297 3841 428 2187 4248 Labour costs if all work was done by hired labour paid at the current rate.

Activity, a system wa~ introduced whereby a proportion of the basic agricultural services was paid for in the first place by the African District Councils and later on reimbursed by the Government. However, this system proved to be unsatisfactory in many respects. Since 1957 the staff and agricultural services have been paid directly by the Central Government. Local Councils continue to finance dipping schemes, Farmers' Training Centres, seed and stock farms and water supplies and to be responsible for minor irrigation schemes.

African areas only. 5 Without settlement areas, added to the districts. Source: Annual Reports of the Agricultural and Veterinary District Offices. The figures of table 6 have, of course, to be interpreted with caution. The information about sales of maize, beans, vegetables, and bananas is hardly trustworthy. Since there is a local cess on the marketed produce, only part of the latter is reported. Some of Nyanza's maize is illegally exported to Uganda, where it fetches a better price. The major cash activities, however, (coffee, tea, pyrethrum, cotton, rice, milk, and wool) which make up the larger part of the marketed produce, are reported properly.

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