A World without Why by Raymond Geuss

By Raymond Geuss

Wishful pondering is a deeply ingrained human trait that has had a long term distorting impact on moral considering. Many influential moral perspectives rely on the confident assumption that, regardless of appearances on the contrary, the human and flora and fauna during which we are living may possibly, finally, be made to make experience to us. In A international with out Why, Raymond Geuss demanding situations this assumption.

The essays during this collection--several of that are released right here for the 1st time--explore the genesis and historic improvement of this positive configuration in moral suggestion and the ways that it has proven itself to be unfounded and erroneous. Discussions of Greco-Roman antiquity and of the philosophies of Socrates, Plato, Hegel, Marx, Nietzsche, and Adorno play a imperative function in lots of of those essays. Geuss additionally levels over such themes because the suggestions of intelligibility, authority, democracy, and feedback; the position of mendacity in politics; structure; where of theology in ethics; tragedy and comedy; and the fight among realism and our look for meaning.

Characterized through Geuss's wide-ranging pursuits in literature, philosophy, and historical past, and through his political dedication and trenchant variety, A global with no Why increases primary questions on the viability not only of particular moral options and theses, yet of our most simple assumptions approximately what ethics may and needs to be.

Show description

Read Online or Download A World without Why PDF

Best political theory books

Dilemmas of Liberalism and Socialism (2nd Edition)

Crawford Brough Macpherson, an exceptionally influential author and instructor and Canada's pre-eminent political theorist, received a world popularity for his debatable interpretation of liberalism. within the first publication to check the whole variety of Macpherson's writings, William Leiss seeks to put that interpretation of liberalism in the total framework of Macpherson's highbrow improvement.

Eclipse Of Reason

"Max Horkheimer (1895-1973) used to be a number one determine within the Frankfurt university, a well known physique of philosophers and social theorists, together with Adorno and Marcuse, who tested significantly the alterations in and improvement of capitalist society. a lot of what has turn into often called the recent Left may be traced again to Horkheimer, his social philosophy and his research of latest tradition.

Political Ideologies and Political Parties in America

Political Ideologies and Political events in the USA places ideology entrance and heart within the dialogue of celebration coalition switch. Treating ideology as neither a nuisance nor a given, the research describes the advance of the fashionable liberal and conservative ideologies that shape the foundation of our sleek political events.

Philosophical Anarchism and Political Obligation (Contemporary Anarchist Studies)

Political legal responsibility refers back to the ethical legal responsibility of voters to obey the legislation in their country and to the life, nature, and justification of a unique dating among a central authority and its components. This quantity within the modern Anarchist reviews sequence demanding situations this dating, looking to outline and guard the location of serious philosophical anarchism opposed to substitute ways to the difficulty of justification of political associations.

Extra info for A World without Why

Example text

The second form of human weakness we encounter is in a way the mirror image of the first. Rather than trusting too much to their own Vix intellegitur • 31 powers as agents to shape a course of action that will satisfy them, humans can be excessively overcome by the recognition of their own impotence and consequently excessively dependent and demanding. They can expect the god to give them the assurance that comes from absolutely unequivocal predictions that cannot be misunderstood. ” This is another form of wishful thinking.

At some point in prehistory humans put two pieces of wood or stone together in a particular configuration and used them to beat pieces of material into shape. As we would say, they “invented” the hammer. One can, however, tell two slightly different stories about this. First, one can tell the story of origins of the hammer, for instance by visiting the Musée de l’homme in Paris and looking closely at the exhibited artefacts. One could also—­and this would seem to be a second way of proceeding—­discuss the “origin” of the hammer by looking at continuing configurations of human desires, goals, needs, and the conditions under which they are or are not attainable or capable of being satisfied—­by looking at the problem to which the invention of the hammer was the solution.

It is not, however, merely his overbearing insistence on his own primacy that is the problem with Pyrrhus. One can find a morally less questionable form of the same human self-­absorption in the case of Oedipus. He, too, thinks primarily in terms of himself and what he has to do. Oedipus wants to avoid what is announced by the oracle partly for his own sake—­he does not wish to be the man who killed his father and married his mother—­but his attitude, we can assume, is at least partly altruistic in that he also wished to spare his father and mother the fate in store for them.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.72 of 5 – based on 11 votes