A Medieval Muslim Scholar at Work Ibn Tawus and his Library by Kohlberg

By Kohlberg

Raḍī al-Dī Ibn ṭāwūs (d. 664/1266 in Bagdad) was once an incredible determine within the historical past of Shī'ī notion. He released works on topics starting from culture (ḥadīth) and polemics to heritage and astrology. Ibn ṭāwūs was once an avid bibliophile, and his numerous writings include remarkably special information regarding the books that he owned or learn. Kohlberg's publication is split into major components. the 1st surveys the existence, operating equipment and literary output of Ibn ṭāwūs and provides a longer research of his library. the second one half is an annotated checklist of the entire works (some 660 in quantity) stated through Ibn ṭāwūs in his to be had writings. a few 3rd of those works (both Sunnī and Shī'ī) should not extant, or even the life of a few of them has hitherto no longer been recognized. The works conceal a variety of matters, together with Qur'ānic exegesis, culture, heritage, theology, astronomy and family tree, and gives an in depth photo of the highbrow global of a medieval Muslim student. Prof. Kohlberg is a number one authority on Shī'ism, and his monograph is an strange and significant contribution either to the historical past of Islam and to the background of Arabic literature and technological know-how.

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I,Iatim al-Shaml(fl. second half of the 7th/13th century; cf. Riyii4, V, pp. mad b. ammad al-cAIawI al-Nassaba (cf. Riyii4, I, p. ammad b. Bashlr aI- cAIawI aI-I,Iusaynl (cf. Riyii4, V, p. 45). See Anwiir, pp. 2, 10, 31, 148-149, 153-154, 175. According to aI-Tihranl, this Ijiiza is mentioned by Shams aI-DIn aI-Qusslnl in his Ijiiza for Najm aI-DIn Tuman b. e. Jamal aI-DIn Abu Man~ur al-I,Iasan b. Zayn aI-DIn alShahld al-Thanl, d. 1011/1602; see Dh XXI 198 no. 4595; Modarressi, p. 8 and index).

127. pp. 129-130. 138 Cf. Kohlberg, "Polemic". 139K, pp. 127, 129. 140IJ, p. 18/42; Raw¢iit, IV, p. 326. 141 K, pp. 109-110. Cf. his Ijiiza to Yusuf b. lJatim, in BA, CVII, p. 46. See also Arjomand, p. 207. 136K, 1 37 K, r LIFE AND THOUGHT 21 the legal conclusions. 142 It is no coincidence that the two legal works which he wrote were concerned with a subject close to his heart, namely prayer. IT's emphasis on the paramount importance of traditions 143 for the elucidation of the law found favour with some Akhbarls of the $afawid period.

15-182) consist of supplications for each day of the week; they lead up to the main part of the book (pp. 182541), which deals with Friday and the various prayers connected with it. IT does not always reveal the sources from which these supplications were taken (cf. also -411', al-Duru C). IT begins the J amiil-like many of his other works- with a detailed description of its contents. He explains this practice by pointing out that the subjects (ma Ciinf) dealt with in a given book are like pearls inside a shell: when there are many subjects in one chapter they are concealed and get lost, and can only be discovered after much labour; an enumeration of the ma C iinf, thus making them accessible, helps the reader to carry out God's will (by following the prescriptions found in the book) (see J 8).

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