A History of Nerve Functions: From Animal Spirits to by Sidney Ochs

By Sidney Ochs

Sidney Ochs starts off his survey with a chronological examine the heritage of nerves from the 5th century B.C. to the early eighteenth century to illustrate the improvement of our wisdom of the molecular mechanisms of neuronal functionality. Ochs then adopts a thematic process, contemplating key themes from the eighteenth century to the current. the quantity will function a useful source for historians of neuroscience and medication, philosophers of technological know-how and medication, and neuroscientists.

Show description

Read or Download A History of Nerve Functions: From Animal Spirits to Molecular Mechanisms PDF

Similar physical books

Exercise and Physical Functioning in Osteoarthritis: Medical, Neuromuscular and Behavioral Perspectives

Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the best 10 of such a lot disabling illnesses within the Western international. it's the significant explanation for soreness and incapacity one of the aged. This e-book offers a contextual assessment of contemporary learn on neuromuscular elements and behavioral chance components for useful decline in OA, with a different emphasis on explanatory mechanisms.

Physical Modalities in Dermatologic Therapy: Radiotherapy, Electrosurgery, Phototherapy, Cryosurgery

A few important healing modalities usually are not coated appropriately in present dermatology textbooks. This publication is meant to fill that hole. It originated in a sequence of unique lectures on modem purposes of actual modalities given at contemporary annual conferences of the yank Academy of Dermatology; the most themes have been radiotherapy, electrosurgery, phototherapy, cryosurgery, and comparable healing modalities.

Bioarchaeological and Forensic Perspectives on Violence: How Violent Death Is Interpreted from Skeletal Remains

Each year, there are over 1. 6 million violent deaths all over the world, making violence one of many best public healthiness problems with our time. And with the twentieth century simply at the back of us, it really is demanding to overlook that 191 million humans misplaced their lives at once or in some way via clash. This choice of enticing case stories on violence and violent deaths unearths how violence is reconstructed from skeletal and contextual details.

Additional resources for A History of Nerve Functions: From Animal Spirits to Molecular Mechanisms

Example text

33 In this, Galen foreshadowed the awareness of the involuntary (autonomic) nervous system (Chapter 6). GALEN’S VIEW OF VISION Galen did not support an interoceptive view of vision, one in which “thin films” emanating from the surface of objects pass into the eye to be recognized. He supported the exteroceptive concept of vision favored by Theophrastus and the Stoics (Chapter 1). 34 This position was supported by his observation that when one eye is closed the pupil of the other eye becomes enlarged.

31 Galen, as did the Alexandrians, clearly distinguished nerves from tendons and ligaments, and knew that a muscle’s action is dependent on its innervation. He demonstrated this in the vivisected pig. Ligatures were passed under the laryngeal nerves and when they were tightly pulled on, the squeals of 28 30 (Galen, 1962), pp. 18–19. (Galen, 1962), pp. 18–19. 29 31 (Neuburger, 1981), and (Ochs, 1983). (De Lacy, 1978), pp. 443–445. 13:43 P1: FCH/FFX P2: FCH/FFX 052124742Xc02 QC: FCH/FFX CB616-Ochs-v2 32 T1: FCH December 29, 2003 A HISTORY OF NERVE FUNCTIONS the pig promptly stopped and were quickly resumed when the ligatures were relaxed.

94 Erasistratus’ identification of pneuma with vitality categorizes him as a pneumatologist,95 whereas his fellow Alexandrian, Herophilus, was a humoralist who taught that human temperament was the result of a balance of body humors. As will be seen in the following chapter, both views were incorporated into Galen’s physiology, wherein both spirits and humors are carried by the blood. 93 94 95 (Wilson, 1959). This is the term still in use for the trachea in modern Greek medicine. (Allbutt, 1921).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.81 of 5 – based on 17 votes