By Pablo Leighton, Fernando Lopez
The 1973 coups d'etat in Uruguay and Chile have been considerably diverse from different army coups in Latin the US. those dictatorial regimes started a brand new period within the subcontinent. They turned staunch bearers of a countrywide protection kingdom doctrine and brought radical new financial regulations. extra tellingly, they gave beginning to severe versions of society outfitted at the foundations of what can arguably be thought of ideological genocides, hoping on either rudimentary and complicated tools of repression and authoritarianism to set up neoliberal platforms that experience lasted till at the present time. 2013 marked the fortieth anniversary of the autumn of democratic rule in these international locations. After 4 many years, the governments of Uruguay and Chile proceed to teach deficiencies in bringing the perpetrators of serious human rights violations to stand justice. forty Years is not anything: background and reminiscence of the 1973 coups d'etat in Uruguay and Chile is galvanized via the robust stories that those coups nonetheless create. the variety of themes addressed within the contributions collected right here display that the 1973 coups remain key sights for researchers around the globe and that the research of those subject matters is much from exhausted.
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Extra info for 40 Years Are Nothing: History and Memory of the 1973 Coups D'etat in Uruguay and Chile
Us/paraguay/. Jerman, William, ed 1975. Repression in Latin America: a report on the first session of the Second Russell Tribunal-Rome, April 1974. Nottingham: Bertrand Russel Foundation & Spokesman Books. Justicia, CDVY 2008. Informe final: las responsabilidades en las violaciones de derechos humanos. Asunción, Paraguay: Editorial JC Medina. Keen, Benjamin and Keith Haynes. 2004. A history of Latin America. New York: Houghton Mifflin. Lewis, Paul H. 1980. Paraguay under Stroessner. North Carolina: The University of North Carolina Press Chapel Hill.
Jon, Elster. 2004. Closing the books: transitional justice in historical perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Kathryn, Sikkink and Carrie Walling. 2007. “The impact of human rights trials in Latin America”. Journal of Peace Research 44(4): 427–444. On History and Memory 31 Kordon, Diana, Lucila Edelman and Darío Lagos. 1997. “La memoria histórica: los hijos de los desaparecidos” in Bergero, Adriana and Reati Fernando (eds). Memoria colectiva y políticas de olvido: Argentina y Uruguay, 1970-1990.
This dispute divided the two main parties that took a certain prominence in this process: on one hand, left-wing militants who participated in the armed struggle against the military dictatorship, while on the other, individuals who composed both the ranks of the armed forces and clandestine governmental organisations. According to Professor Fico, the prevalence of the theme of repression of armed struggle as the period’s analytical key led the military to consider that the Armed Forces had lost the “battle of images”.